Since 1977 the Netherlands has a large number of cohousing communities built on the initiative of residents, both the rental and owner section, or in a mixture of both. There is a great diversity among the projects, so does the number of dwellings from 3 to about 160.

Of the existing cohousing communities are 54 members of the LVCW. About half of the cohousing communities, members of the LVCW, is divided into clusters. Clusters consist of 5 to 8 homes around some common facilities including a communal lounge / kitchen, laundry room and storage spaces. The residents of a clusters choose for eachother.

In large cohousing communities without clusters, generally new candidate residents are on the waiting list by a commission, representing the community. With no objections from other residents, get the first household on the waiting list a vacant (for the household appropriate) housing.

Some cohousing communities have something inbetween, with can be described with the term 'social' clusters. The clusterform is not in the way it's build, but there are enough common areas in the project, that can be used by groups of residents, such as kitchens.

Almost all cohousing communities have a project room of building, a meeting place for all residents.